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Add table row in jQuery

Darryl Hein
1#
Darryl Hein Published in 2008-10-04 21:33:10Z

What is the best method in jQuery to add an additional row to a table as the last row?

Is this acceptable?

$('#myTable').append('<tr><td>my data</td><td>more data</td></tr>');

Are there limitations to what you can add to a table like this (such as inputs, selects, number of rows)?

Community
2#
Community Reply to 2017-05-23 12:02:45Z

The approach you suggest is not guaranteed to give you the result you're looking for - what if you had a tbody for example:

<table id="myTable">
  <tbody>
    <tr>...</tr>
    <tr>...</tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

You would end up with the following:

<table id="myTable">
  <tbody>
    <tr>...</tr>
    <tr>...</tr>
  </tbody>
  <tr>...</tr>
</table>

I would therefore recommend this approach instead:

$('#myTable tr:last').after('<tr>...</tr><tr>...</tr>');

You can include anything within the after() method as long as it's valid HTML, including multiple rows as per the example above.

Update: Revisiting this answer following recent activity with this question. eyelidlessness makes a good comment that there will always be a tbody in the DOM; this is true, but only if there is at least one row. If you have no rows, there will be no tbody unless you have specified one yourself.

DaRKoN_ suggests appending to the tbody rather than adding content after the last tr. This gets around the issue of having no rows, but still isn't bulletproof as you could theoretically have multiple tbody elements and the row would get added to each of them.

Weighing everything up, I'm not sure there is a single one-line solution that accounts for every single possible scenario. You will need to make sure the jQuery code tallies with your markup.

I think the safest solution is probably to ensure your table always includes at least one tbody in your markup, even if it has no rows. On this basis, you can use the following which will work however many rows you have (and also account for multiple tbody elements):

$('#myTable > tbody:last-child').append('<tr>...</tr><tr>...</tr>');
SohelAhmedM
3#
SohelAhmedM Reply to 2016-01-19 10:18:04Z

What if you had a <tbody> and a <tfoot>?

Such as:

<table>
    <tbody>
        <tr><td>Foo</td></tr>
    </tbody>
    <tfoot>
        <tr><td>footer information</td></tr>
    </tfoot>
</table>

Then it would insert your new row in the footer - not to the body.

Hence the best solution is to include a <tbody> tag and use .append, rather than .after.

$("#myTable > tbody").append("<tr><td>row content</td></tr>");
Uzbekjon
4#
Uzbekjon Reply to 2009-03-02 13:21:48Z

You can use this great jQuery add table row function. It works great with tables that have <tbody> and that don't. Also it takes into the consideration the colspan of your last table row.

Here is an example usage:

// One table
addTableRow($('#myTable'));
// add table row to number of tables
addTableRow($('.myTables'));
Nick Veys
5#
Nick Veys Reply to 2012-02-29 22:36:49Z

jQuery has a built-in facility to manipulate DOM elements on the fly.

You can add anything to your table like this:

$("#tableID").find('tbody')
    .append($('<tr>')
        .append($('<td>')
            .append($('<img>')
                .attr('src', 'img.png')
                .text('Image cell')
            )
        )
    );

The $('<some-tag>') thing in jQuery is a tag object that can have several attr attributes that can be set and get, as well as text, which represents the text between the tag here: <tag>text</tag>.

This is some pretty weird indenting, but it's easier for you to see what's going on in this example.

Erick Robertson
6#
Erick Robertson Reply to 2013-06-26 14:20:22Z

I was having some related issues, trying to insert a table row after the clicked row. All is fine except the .after() call does not work for the last row.

$('#traffic tbody').find('tr.trafficBody).filter(':nth-child(' + (column + 1) + ')').after(insertedhtml);

I landed up with a very untidy solution:

create the table as follows (id for each row):

<tr id="row1"> ... </tr>
<tr id="row2"> ... </tr>
<tr id="row3"> ... </tr>

etc ...

and then :

$('#traffic tbody').find('tr.trafficBody' + idx).after(html);
Darryl Hein
7#
Darryl Hein Reply to 2010-01-26 17:12:29Z

This can be done easily using the "last()" function of jQuery.

$("#tableId").last().append("<tr><td>New row</td></tr>");
pimvdb
8#
pimvdb Reply to 2011-09-29 05:34:26Z

I recommend

$('#myTable > tbody:first').append('<tr>...</tr><tr>...</tr>'); 

as opposed to

$('#myTable > tbody:last').append('<tr>...</tr><tr>...</tr>'); 

The first and last keywords work on the first or last tag to be started, not closed. Therefore, this plays nicer with nested tables, if you don't want the nested table to be changed, but instead add to the overall table. At least, this is what I found.

<table id=myTable>
  <tbody id=first>
    <tr><td>
      <table id=myNestedTable>
        <tbody id=last>
        </tbody>
      </table>
    </td></tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
Dominic
9#
Dominic Reply to 2010-12-16 05:30:14Z

I'm using this way when there is not any row in the table, as well as, each row is quite complicated.

style.css:

...
#templateRow {
  display:none;
}
...

xxx.html

...
<tr id="templateRow"> ... </tr>
...

$("#templateRow").clone().removeAttr("id").appendTo( $("#templateRow").parent() );

...
Anik Islam Abhi
10#
Anik Islam Abhi Reply to 2015-11-12 02:21:51Z

For the best solution posted here, if there's a nested table on the last row, the new row will be added to the nested table instead of the main table. A quick solution (considering tables with/without tbody and tables with nested tables):

function add_new_row(table, rowcontent) {
    if ($(table).length > 0) {
        if ($(table + ' > tbody').length == 0) $(table).append('<tbody />');
        ($(table + ' > tr').length > 0) ? $(table).children('tbody:last').children('tr:last').append(rowcontent): $(table).children('tbody:last').append(rowcontent);
    }
}

Usage example:

add_new_row('#myTable','<tr><td>my new row</td></tr>');
Community
11#
Community Reply to 2017-05-23 12:10:41Z

I found this AddRow plugin quite useful for managing table rows. Though, Luke's solution would be the best fit if you just need to add a new row.

Peter Mortensen
12#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2013-03-30 05:46:51Z

My solution:

//Adds a new table row
$.fn.addNewRow = function (rowId) {
    $(this).find('tbody').append('<tr id="' + rowId + '"> </tr>');
};

usage:

$('#Table').addNewRow(id1);
Shaunak D
13#
Shaunak D Reply to 2015-04-17 16:37:05Z
<table id=myTable>
    <tr><td></td></tr>
    <style="height=0px;" tfoot></tfoot>
</table>

You can cache the footer variable and reduce access to DOM (Note: may be it will be better to use a fake row instead of footer).

var footer = $("#mytable tfoot")
footer.before("<tr><td></td></tr>")
Alexey Pavlov
14#
Alexey Pavlov Reply to 2012-04-19 10:53:35Z
$('#myTable').append('<tr><td>my data</td><td>more data</td></tr>');

will add a new row to the first TBODY of the table, without depending of any THEAD or TFOOT present. (I didn't find information from which version of jQuery .append() this behavior is present.)

You may try it in these examples:

<table class="t"> <!-- table with THEAD, TBODY and TFOOT -->
<thead>
  <tr><th>h1</th><th>h2</th></tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
  <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td></tr>
</tbody>
<tfoot>
  <tr><th>f1</th><th>f2</th></tr>
</tfoot>
</table><br>

<table class="t"> <!-- table with two TBODYs -->
<thead>
  <tr><th>h1</th><th>h2</th></tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
  <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td></tr>
</tbody>
<tbody>
  <tr><td>3</td><td>4</td></tr>
</tbody>
<tfoot>
  <tr><th>f1</th><th>f2</th></tr>
</tfoot>
</table><br>

<table class="t">  <!-- table without TBODY -->
<thead>
  <tr><th>h1</th><th>h2</th></tr>
</thead>
</table><br>

<table class="t">  <!-- table with TR not in TBODY  -->
  <tr><td>1</td><td>2</td></tr>
</table>
<br>
<table class="t">
</table>

<script>
$('.t').append('<tr><td>a</td><td>a</td></tr>');
</script>

In which example a b row is inserted after 1 2, not after 3 4 in second example. If the table were empty, jQuery creates TBODY for a new row.

Peter Mortensen
15#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2013-03-30 05:50:09Z

I know you have asked for a jQuery method. I looked a lot and find that we can do it in a better way than using JavaScript directly by the following function.

tableObject.insertRow(index)

index is an integer that specifies the position of the row to insert (starts at 0). The value of -1 can also be used; which result in that the new row will be inserted at the last position.

This parameter is required in Firefox and Opera, but it is optional in Internet Explorer, Chrome and Safari.

If this parameter is omitted, insertRow() inserts a new row at the last position in Internet Explorer and at the first position in Chrome and Safari.

It will work for every acceptable structure of HTML table.

The following example will insert a row in last (-1 is used as index):

<html>
    <head>
        <script type="text/javascript">
        function displayResult()
        {
            document.getElementById("myTable").insertRow(-1).innerHTML = '<td>1</td><td>2</td>';
        }
        </script>
    </head>

    <body>       
        <table id="myTable" border="1">
            <tr>
                <td>cell 1</td>
                <td>cell 2</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>cell 3</td>
                <td>cell 4</td>
            </tr>
        </table>
        <br />
        <button type="button" onclick="displayResult()">Insert new row</button>            
    </body>
</html>

I hope it helps.

Community
16#
Community Reply to 2017-05-23 12:26:38Z

So things have changed ever since @Luke Bennett answered this question. Here is an update.

jQuery since version 1.4(?) automatically detects if the element you are trying to insert (using any of the append(), prepend(), before(), or after() methods) is a <tr> and inserts it into the first <tbody> in your table or wraps it into a new <tbody> if one doesn't exist.

So yes your example code is acceptable and will work fine with jQuery 1.4+. ;)

$('#myTable').append('<tr><td>my data</td><td>more data</td></tr>');
Peter Mortensen
17#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2013-03-30 05:55:35Z

Here is some hacketi hack code. I wanted to maintain a row template in an HTML page. Table rows 0...n are rendered at request time, and this example has one hardcoded row and a simplified template row. The template table is hidden, and the row tag must be within a valid table or browsers may drop it from the DOM tree. Adding a row uses counter+1 identifier, and the current value is maintained in the data attribute. It guarantees each row gets unique URL parameters.

I have run tests on Internet Explorer 8, Internet Explorer 9, Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Nokia Lumia 800, Nokia C7 (with Symbian 3), Android stock and Firefox beta browsers.

<table id="properties">
<tbody>
  <tr>
    <th>Name</th>
    <th>Value</th>
    <th>&nbsp;</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td nowrap>key1</td>
    <td><input type="text" name="property_key1" value="value1" size="70"/></td>
    <td class="data_item_options">
       <a class="buttonicon" href="javascript:deleteRow()" title="Delete row" onClick="deleteRow(this); return false;"></a>
    </td>
  </tr>
</tbody>
</table>

<table id="properties_rowtemplate" style="display:none" data-counter="0">
<tr>
 <td><input type="text" name="newproperty_name_\${counter}" value="" size="35"/></td>
 <td><input type="text" name="newproperty_value_\${counter}" value="" size="70"/></td>
 <td><a class="buttonicon" href="javascript:deleteRow()" title="Delete row" onClick="deleteRow(this); return false;"></a></td>
</tr>
</table>
<a class="action" href="javascript:addRow()" onclick="addRow('properties'); return false" title="Add new row">Add row</a><br/>
<br/>

- - - - 
// add row to html table, read html from row template
function addRow(sTableId) {
    // find destination and template tables, find first <tr>
    // in template. Wrap inner html around <tr> tags.
    // Keep track of counter to give unique field names.
    var table  = $("#"+sTableId);
    var template = $("#"+sTableId+"_rowtemplate");
    var htmlCode = "<tr>"+template.find("tr:first").html()+"</tr>";
    var id = parseInt(template.data("counter"),10)+1;
    template.data("counter", id);
    htmlCode = htmlCode.replace(/\${counter}/g, id);
    table.find("tbody:last").append(htmlCode);
}

// delete <TR> row, childElem is any element inside row
function deleteRow(childElem) {
    var row = $(childElem).closest("tr"); // find <tr> parent
    row.remove();
}

PS: I give all credits to the jQuery team; they deserve everything. JavaScript programming without jQuery - I don't even want think about that nightmare.

Jaid07
18#
Jaid07 Reply to 2013-05-20 09:14:50Z

As i have also got a way too add row at last or any specific place so i think i should also share this:

First find out the length or rows:

var r=$("#content_table").length;

and then use below code to add your row:

$("#table_id").eq(r-1).after(row_html);
d.raev
19#
d.raev Reply to 2013-08-29 11:35:58Z

To add a good example on the topic, here is working solution if you need to add a row at specific position.

The extra row is added after the 5th row, or at the end of the table if there are less then 5 rows.

var ninja_row = $('#banner_holder').find('tr');

if( $('#my_table tbody tr').length > 5){
    $('#my_table tbody tr').filter(':nth-child(5)').after(ninja_row);
}else{
    $('#my_table tr:last').after(ninja_row);
}

I put the content on a ready (hidden) container below the table ..so if you(or the designer) have to change it is not required to edit the JS.

<table id="banner_holder" style="display:none;"> 
    <tr>
        <td colspan="3">
            <div class="wide-banner"></div>
        </td>   
    </tr> 
</table>
Praveena M
20#
Praveena M Reply to 2013-10-02 05:06:13Z

If you are using Datatable JQuery plugin you can try.

oTable = $('#tblStateFeesSetup').dataTable({
            "bScrollCollapse": true,
            "bJQueryUI": true,
            ...
            ...
            //Custom Initializations.
            });

//Data Row Template of the table.
var dataRowTemplate = {};
dataRowTemplate.InvoiceID = '';
dataRowTemplate.InvoiceDate = '';
dataRowTemplate.IsOverRide = false;
dataRowTemplate.AmountOfInvoice = '';
dataRowTemplate.DateReceived = '';
dataRowTemplate.AmountReceived = '';
dataRowTemplate.CheckNumber = '';

//Add dataRow to the table.
oTable.fnAddData(dataRowTemplate);

Refer Datatables fnAddData Datatables API

Vivek S
21#
Vivek S Reply to 2013-12-21 11:54:45Z
<tr id="tablerow"></tr>

$('#tablerow').append('<tr>...</tr><tr>...</tr>');
Shaunak D
22#
Shaunak D Reply to 2015-04-17 16:36:47Z

I Guess i have done in my project , here it is:

html

<div class="container">
    <div class = "row">
    <div class = "span9">
        <div class = "well">
          <%= form_for (@replication) do |f| %>
    <table>
    <tr>
      <td>
          <%= f.label :SR_NO %>
      </td>
      <td>
          <%= f.text_field :sr_no , :id => "txt_RegionName" %>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>
        <%= f.label :Particular %>
      </td>
      <td>
        <%= f.text_area :particular , :id => "txt_Region" %>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>
        <%= f.label :Unit %>
      </td>
      <td>
        <%= f.text_field :unit ,:id => "txt_Regio" %>
      </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>

      <td> 
        <%= f.label :Required_Quantity %>
      </td>
      <td>
        <%= f.text_field :quantity ,:id => "txt_Regi" %>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
    <td></td>
    <td>
    <table>
    <tr><td>
    <input type="button"  name="add" id="btn_AddToList" value="add" class="btn btn-primary" />
    </td><td><input type="button"  name="Done" id="btn_AddToList1" value="Done" class="btn btn-success" />
    </td></tr>
    </table>
    </td>
    </tr>
    </table>
    <% end %>
    <table id="lst_Regions" style="width: 500px;" border= "2" class="table table-striped table-bordered table-condensed">
    <tr>
    <td>SR_NO</td>
    <td>Item Name</td>
    <td>Particular</td>
    <td>Cost</td>
    </tr>
    </table>
    <input type="button" id= "submit" value="Submit Repication"  class="btn btn-success" />
    </div>
    </div>
    </div>
</div>

js

$(document).ready(function() {     
    $('#submit').prop('disabled', true);
    $('#btn_AddToList').click(function () {
     $('#submit').prop('disabled', true);
    var val = $('#txt_RegionName').val();
    var val2 = $('#txt_Region').val();
    var val3 = $('#txt_Regio').val();
    var val4 = $('#txt_Regi').val();
    $('#lst_Regions').append('<tr><td>' + val + '</td>' + '<td>' + val2 + '</td>' + '<td>' + val3 + '</td>' + '<td>' + val4 + '</td></tr>');
    $('#txt_RegionName').val('').focus();
    $('#txt_Region').val('');
        $('#txt_Regio').val('');
        $('#txt_Regi').val('');
    $('#btn_AddToList1').click(function () {
         $('#submit').prop('disabled', false).addclass('btn btn-warning');
    });
      });
});
Community
23#
Community Reply to 2017-05-23 12:34:45Z

Neil's answer is by far the best one. However things get messy really fast. My suggestion would be to use variables to store elements and append them to the DOM hierarchy.

HTML

<table id="tableID">
    <tbody>
    </tbody>
</table>

JAVASCRIPT

// Reference to the table body
var body = $("#tableID").find('tbody');

// Create a new row element
var row = $('<tr>');

// Create a new column element
var column = $('<td>');

// Create a new image element
var image = $('<img>');
image.attr('src', 'img.png');
image.text('Image cell');

// Append the image to the column element
column.append(image);
// Append the column to the row element
row.append(column);
// Append the row to the table body
body.append(row);
Mayank Vadiya
24#
Mayank Vadiya Reply to 2015-11-17 12:09:30Z

In my opinion the fastest and clear way is

//Try to get tbody first with jquery children. works faster!
var tbody = $('#myTable').children('tbody');

//Then if no tbody just select your table 
var table = tbody.length ? tbody : $('#myTable');

//Add row
table.append('<tr><td>hello></td></tr>');

here is demo Fiddle

Also I can recommend a small function to make more html changes

//Compose template string
String.prototype.compose = (function (){
var re = /\{{(.+?)\}}/g;
return function (o){
        return this.replace(re, function (_, k){
            return typeof o[k] != 'undefined' ? o[k] : '';
        });
    }
}());

If you use my string composer you can do this like

var tbody = $('#myTable').children('tbody');
var table = tbody.length ? tbody : $('#myTable');
var row = '<tr>'+
    '<td>{{id}}</td>'+
    '<td>{{name}}</td>'+
    '<td>{{phone}}</td>'+
'</tr>';


//Add row
table.append(row.compose({
    'id': 3,
    'name': 'Lee',
    'phone': '123 456 789'
}));

Here is demo Fiddle

vipul sorathiya
25#
vipul sorathiya Reply to 2015-06-16 12:11:44Z

In a simple way:

$('#yourTableId').append('<tr><td>your data1</td><td>your data2</td><td>your data3</td></tr>');
Pankaj Garg
26#
Pankaj Garg Reply to 2015-12-06 05:39:20Z
    // Create a row and append to table
    var row = $('<tr />', {})
        .appendTo("#table_id");

    // Add columns to the row. <td> properties can be given in the JSON
    $('<td />', {
        'text': 'column1'
    }).appendTo(row);

    $('<td />', {
        'text': 'column2',
        'style': 'min-width:100px;'
    }).appendTo(row);
Jakir Hossain
27#
Jakir Hossain Reply to 2016-01-19 20:09:33Z
<table id="myTable">
  <tbody>
    <tr>...</tr>
    <tr>...</tr>
  </tbody>
  <tr>...</tr>
</table>

Write with a javascript function

document.getElementById("myTable").insertRow(-1).innerHTML = '<tr>...</tr><tr>...</tr>';
RKURBAN
28#
RKURBAN Reply to 2017-09-15 11:00:06Z

if you have another variable you can access in <td> tag like that try.

This way I hope it would be helpful

var table = $('#yourTableId');
var text  = 'My Data in td';
var image = 'your/image.jpg'; 
var tr = (
  '<tr>' +
    '<td>'+ text +'</td>'+
    '<td>'+ text +'</td>'+
    '<td>'+
      '<img src="' + image + '" alt="yourImage">'+
    '</td>'+
  '</tr>'
);

$('#yourTableId').append(tr);
Sumon Sarker
29#
Sumon Sarker Reply to 2017-03-16 09:07:45Z

If you want to add row before the <tr> first child.

$("#myTable > tbody").prepend("<tr><td>my data</td><td>more data</td></tr>");

If you want to add row after the <tr> last child.

$("#myTable > tbody").append("<tr><td>my data</td><td>more data</td></tr>");
prashant
30#
prashant Reply to 2017-03-30 07:24:13Z

This could also be done :

$("#myTable > tbody").html($("#myTable > tbody").html()+"<tr><td>my data</td><td>more data</td></tr>")
Daniel Ortegón
31#
Daniel Ortegón Reply to 2017-07-20 02:34:42Z

This is my solution

$('#myTable').append('<tr><td>'+data+'</td><td>'+other data+'</td>...</tr>');
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