Home How to prevent Android bluetooth RFCOMM connection from dying immediately after .connect()?
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How to prevent Android bluetooth RFCOMM connection from dying immediately after .connect()?

Gilead
1#
Gilead Published in 2010-04-18 03:09:23Z

This problem has been solved! Thanks a lot to Brad, Denis and junkie! You're the heroes! :)

This is the working code. It connects to Zeemote and reads data from it.

===== Code =====

public class ZeeTest extends Activity {
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        try {
            for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
                test();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private boolean connected = false;
    private BluetoothSocket sock;
    private InputStream in;
    public void test() throws Exception {
        if (connected) {
            return;
        }
        BluetoothDevice zee = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter().
            getRemoteDevice("00:1C:4D:02:A6:55");
        Method m = zee.getClass().getMethod("createRfcommSocket",
            new Class[] { int.class });
        sock = (BluetoothSocket)m.invoke(zee, Integer.valueOf(1));
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Connecting");
        sock.connect();
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Connected");
        in = sock.getInputStream();
        byte[] buffer = new byte[50];
        int read = 0;
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Listening...");
        try {
            while (true) {
                read = in.read(buffer);
                connected = true;
                StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
                for (int i = 0; i < read; i++) {
                    int b = buffer[i] & 0xff;
                    if (b < 0x10) {
                        buf.append("0");
                    }
                    buf.append(Integer.toHexString(b)).append(" ");
                }
                Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Read "+ read +" bytes: "+ buf.toString());
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {}
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Done: test()");
    }
    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        try {
            if (in != null) {
                in.close();
            }
            if (sock != null) {
                sock.close();
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        super.onDestroy();
    }
}

===== Original question =====

I'm trying to connect to a Zeemote (http://zeemote.com/) gaming controller from Moto Droid running 2.0.1 firmware. The test application below does connect to the device (LED flashes) but connection is dropped immediately after that.

I'm pasting two test apps below: one that actually tries to read from input stream and second one that just sits there, waiting for the device to disconnect after 5 seconds. And yes, I do have third version :) which first waits for ACL_CONNECTED and then opens socket but there's nothing new in its behaviour.

Some background info: I can connect to the Zeemote from my laptop perfectly fine using bluez tools (log attached as well). I know for sure that Droid is able to talk to Zeemote as well because 'Game Pro' from the Market works fine with it (but then it's a driver/service so maybe it uses lower-level API?).

I noticed that 'adb bugreport' reports neither UUID nor RFCOMM channel for Zeemote while it does so for all other devices (including Moto HS815 headset, another dumb device for which 'sdp browse' reports nothing). Also, when the device boots, Zeemote's priority is 0 (others have priority 100+).

I'm quite at a loss here, I worked on it for so long that I ran out of ideas so any help would be very much appreciated (even if you don't know the answer :) )

Thanks, Max

Test application No. 1

This app tries to actually read from the device.

===== Code =====

public class ZeeTest extends Activity {
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        try {
            test();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private BluetoothSocket sock;
    private InputStream in;
    public void test() throws IOException {
        BluetoothDevice zee = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter().
                      getRemoteDevice("00:1C:4D:02:A6:55");
        sock = zee.createRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(
                      UUID.fromString("8e1f0cf7-508f-4875-b62c-fbb67fd34812"));
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Connecting");
        sock.connect();
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Connected");
        in = sock.getInputStream();
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1];
        int bytes = 0;
        int x = 0;
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Listening...");
        while (x < 2) {
            x++;
            try {
                bytes = in.read(buffer);
                Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Read "+ bytes +" bytes");
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                try { Thread.sleep(100); } catch (InterruptedException ie) {}
            }
        }
        Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Done: test()");
    }
    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        try {
            if (in != null) {
                in.close();
            }
            if (sock != null) {
                sock.close();
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        super.onDestroy();
    }
}

===== Log =====

04-19 22:27:01.147: DEBUG/ZeeTest(8619): ++++ Connecting
04-19 22:27:04.085: INFO/usbd(1062): process_usb_uevent_message(): buffer = add@/devices/virtual/bluetooth/hci0/hci0:1
04-19 22:27:04.085: INFO/usbd(1062): main(): call select(...)
04-19 22:27:04.327: ERROR/BluetoothEventLoop.cpp(4029): event_filter: Received signal org.bluez.Device:PropertyChanged from /org/bluez/4121/hci0/dev_00_1C_4D_02_A6_55
04-19 22:27:04.491: VERBOSE/BluetoothEventRedirector(7499): Received android.bleutooth.device.action.UUID
04-19 22:27:04.905: DEBUG/ZeeTest(8619): ++++ Connected
04-19 22:27:04.905: DEBUG/ZeeTest(8619): ++++ Listening...
04-19 22:27:05.538: WARN/System.err(8619): java.io.IOException: Software caused connection abort
04-19 22:27:05.600: WARN/System.err(8619):     at android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket.readNative(Native Method)
...
04-19 22:27:05.717: WARN/System.err(8619): java.io.IOException: Software caused connection abort
04-19 22:27:05.717: WARN/System.err(8619):     at android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket.readNative(Native Method)
...
04-19 22:27:05.819: DEBUG/ZeeTest(8619): ++++ Done: test()
04-19 22:27:07.155: VERBOSE/BluetoothEventRedirector(7499): Received android.bleutooth.device.action.UUID
04-19 22:27:09.077: INFO/usbd(1062): process_usb_uevent_message(): buffer = remove@/devices/virtual/bluetooth/hci0/hci0:1
04-19 22:27:09.085: INFO/usbd(1062): main(): call select(...)
04-19 22:27:09.139: ERROR/BluetoothEventLoop.cpp(4029): event_filter: Received signal org.bluez.Device:PropertyChanged from /org/bluez/4121/hci0/dev_00_1C_4D_02_A6_55

Test application No. 2

This test connects and waits -- useful for displaying the auto-disconnect issue.

===== Code =====

public class ZeeTest extends Activity {
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        getApplicationContext().registerReceiver(receiver,
                    new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_ACL_CONNECTED));
        getApplicationContext().registerReceiver(receiver,
                    new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_ACL_DISCONNECTED));
        try {
            BluetoothDevice zee = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter().
                            getRemoteDevice("00:1C:4D:02:A6:55");
            sock = zee.createRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(
                            UUID.fromString("8e1f0cf7-508f-4875-b62c-fbb67fd34812"));

            Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Connecting");
            sock.connect();
            Log.d("ZeeTest", "++++ Connected");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private static final LogBroadcastReceiver receiver = new LogBroadcastReceiver();
    public static class LogBroadcastReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
        @Override
        public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
            Log.d("ZeeReceiver", intent.toString());
            Bundle extras = intent.getExtras();
            for (String k : extras.keySet()) {
                Log.d("ZeeReceiver", "    Extra: "+ extras.get(k).toString());
            }
        }
    }

    private BluetoothSocket sock;
    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        getApplicationContext().unregisterReceiver(receiver);
        if (sock != null) {
            try {
                sock.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        super.onDestroy();
    }
}

===== Log =====

04-19 22:06:34.944: DEBUG/ZeeTest(7986): ++++ Connecting
04-19 22:06:38.202: INFO/usbd(1062): process_usb_uevent_message(): buffer = add@/devices/virtual/bluetooth/hci0/hci0:1
04-19 22:06:38.202: INFO/usbd(1062): main(): call select(...)
04-19 22:06:38.217: ERROR/BluetoothEventLoop.cpp(4029): event_filter: Received signal org.bluez.Device:PropertyChanged from /org/bluez/4121/hci0/dev_00_1C_4D_02_A6_55
04-19 22:06:38.428: VERBOSE/BluetoothEventRedirector(7499): Received android.bleutooth.device.action.UUID
04-19 22:06:38.968: DEBUG/ZeeTest(7986): ++++ Connected
04-19 22:06:39.061: DEBUG/ZeeReceiver(7986): Intent { act=android.bluetooth.device.action.ACL_CONNECTED (has extras) }
04-19 22:06:39.108: DEBUG/ZeeReceiver(7986):     Extra: 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55
04-19 22:06:39.538: INFO/ActivityManager(4029): Displayed activity zee.test/.ZeeTest: 5178 ms (total 5178 ms)
04-19 22:06:41.014: VERBOSE/BluetoothEventRedirector(7499): Received android.bleutooth.device.action.UUID
04-19 22:06:43.038: INFO/usbd(1062): process_usb_uevent_message(): buffer = remove@/devices/virtual/bluetooth/hci0/hci0:1
04-19 22:06:43.038: INFO/usbd(1062): main(): call select(...)
04-19 22:06:43.069: ERROR/BluetoothEventLoop.cpp(4029): event_filter: Received signal org.bluez.Device:PropertyChanged from /org/bluez/4121/hci0/dev_00_1C_4D_02_A6_55
04-19 22:06:43.124: DEBUG/ZeeReceiver(7986): Intent { act=android.bluetooth.device.action.ACL_DISCONNECTED (has extras) }
04-19 22:06:43.124: DEBUG/ZeeReceiver(7986):     Extra: 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55

System logs

===== Terminal log =====

$ sdptool browse
Inquiring ...
Browsing 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55 ...

$ sdptool records 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55
Service Name: Zeemote
Service RecHandle: 0x10015
Service Class ID List:
  UUID 128: 8e1f0cf7-508f-4875-b62c-fbb67fd34812
Protocol Descriptor List:
  "L2CAP" (0x0100)
  "RFCOMM" (0x0003)
    Channel: 1
Language Base Attr List:
  code_ISO639: 0x656e
  encoding:    0x6a
  base_offset: 0x100

$ rfcomm connect /dev/tty10 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55
Connected /dev/rfcomm0 to 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55 on channel 1
Press CTRL-C for hangup

# rfcomm show /dev/tty10
rfcomm0: 00:1F:3A:E4:C8:40 -> 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55 channel 1 connected [reuse-dlc release-on-hup tty-attached]

# cat /dev/tty10
(nothing here)

# hcidump
HCI sniffer - Bluetooth packet analyzer ver 1.42
device: hci0 snap_len: 1028 filter: 0xffffffff
< HCI Command: Create Connection (0x01|0x0005) plen 13
> HCI Event: Command Status (0x0f) plen 4
> HCI Event: Connect Complete (0x03) plen 11
< HCI Command: Read Remote Supported Features (0x01|0x001b) plen 2
> HCI Event: Read Remote Supported Features (0x0b) plen 11
< ACL data: handle 11 flags 0x02 dlen 10
    L2CAP(s): Info req: type 2
> HCI Event: Command Status (0x0f) plen 4
> HCI Event: Page Scan Repetition Mode Change (0x20) plen 7
> HCI Event: Max Slots Change (0x1b) plen 3
< HCI Command: Remote Name Request (0x01|0x0019) plen 10
> HCI Event: Command Status (0x0f) plen 4
> ACL data: handle 11 flags 0x02 dlen 16
    L2CAP(s): Info rsp: type 2 result 0
      Extended feature mask 0x0000
< ACL data: handle 11 flags 0x02 dlen 12
    L2CAP(s): Connect req: psm 3 scid 0x0040
> HCI Event: Number of Completed Packets (0x13) plen 5
> ACL data: handle 11 flags 0x02 dlen 16
    L2CAP(s): Connect rsp: dcid 0x04fb scid 0x0040 result 1 status 2
      Connection pending - Authorization pending
> HCI Event: Remote Name Req Complete (0x07) plen 255
> ACL data: handle 11 flags 0x02 dlen 16
    L2CAP(s): Connect rsp: dcid 0x04fb scid 0x0040 result 0 status 0
      Connection successful
< ACL data: handle 11 flags 0x02 dlen 16
    L2CAP(s): Config req: dcid 0x04fb flags 0x00 clen 4
      MTU 1013
(events are properly received using bluez)

===== Part of adb bugreport =====

--Known devices--
00:19:A1:2D:16:EA     bonded (0) LG U830
    00001105-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb RFCOMM channel = 17
00:1C:4D:02:A6:55     bonded (0) Zeemote JS1
00:0B:2E:6E:6F:00     bonded (0) Motorola HS815
    00001108-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb RFCOMM channel = 1
    0000111e-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb RFCOMM channel = 2
00:1F:3A:E4:C8:40     bonded (0) BRCM BT4X
    00001105-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb RFCOMM channel = 9
00:18:42:EC:E2:99     bonded (0) N95
    00001105-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb RFCOMM channel = 9

===== Excerpt from boot log =====

04-18 21:55:10.382: VERBOSE/BluetoothEventRedirector(1985): Received android.bluetooth.adapter.action.STATE_CHANGED
04-18 21:55:10.421: DEBUG/BT HSHFP(1237): Loaded priority 00:19:A1:2D:16:EA = 100
04-18 21:55:10.428: DEBUG/BT HSHFP(1237): Loaded priority 00:1C:4D:02:A6:55 = 0
04-18 21:55:10.444: DEBUG/BT HSHFP(1237): Loaded priority 00:0B:2E:6E:6F:00 = 101
04-18 21:55:10.749: DEBUG/BT HSHFP(1237): Loaded priority 00:1F:3A:E4:C8:40 = 100
04-18 21:55:10.780: DEBUG/BT HSHFP(1237): Loaded priority 00:18:42:EC:E2:99 = 100
Denis L
2#
Denis L Reply to 2010-04-21 09:45:38Z

Try to change your code for creating RfcommSocket:

sock = zee.createRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(
                      UUID.fromString("8e1f0cf7-508f-4875-b62c-fbb67fd34812"));

for this code:

Method m = zee.getClass().getMethod("createRfcommSocket", new Class[] { int.class });
sock = (BluetoothSocket) m.invoke(device, 1);

Also try to change argument value in range 1-3 in this m.invoke(device, 1); When connection will be Connected, but aborted when you try reading, call in some loop your method test() again. As simple:

for(int i=0;i<3;i++){  if(!testDone) test(); }
Brad Hein
3#
Brad Hein Reply to 2010-04-19 14:20:52Z

If I understand correctly, your app is unable to see any data from the device whatsoever?

One small thing: try your UUID without hiphens. In my RFCOMM apps I actually define the UUID as a long integer constant.

Also, the way your test() method is written leads me to believe the test() is making the connection, defining a thread, telling it to start and immediately returning. In other words, your thread is referencing a variable from outside of the thread which is part of the test() method but when test() dies, so does its variables.

In short, try your testing outside of a thread and get it working there first. One easy way to do this would be to use Thread.run() instead of thread.start(). .run() runs it in the foreground (and thus blocks test() so it doesn't return before the thread finished).

For a longer term solution you may wish to define your Bluetooth variables as gloibal/member variables so they don't go out of scope and are always available to your thread.

android_junkie
4#
android_junkie Reply to 2010-04-20 23:38:02Z

Try the well known UUID:00001101-0000-1000-8000-00805F9B34FB

fishjd
5#
fishjd Reply to 2010-12-27 23:12:30Z

I merged code I had written and code from [android-beginners] Re: Serial over Bluetooth by XCaffeinated]1 and the above post.

To create the simplest bluetooth program possible.

The main addition for this code is add better handling on the exceptions thrown by connect().

Search for '@todo' to customize for your needs.

I hope this saves you some time!

package com.xxx; // @todo Change to your package.   

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;

/**
 * This is the simplest bluetooth program. It sends one message to one bluetooth
 * device. The message and the bluetooth hardware id for the device are hard
 * coded. <br>
 * <br>
 * It does <b>not</b> receive any data. It does not do any thread processing. <br>
 * <br>
 * 
 * This application will be useful to communicate with a bluetooth hardware
 * device such as a bar code reader, Lego Mindstorm, a PC with a com port
 * application, a PC with a terminal program with 'listening' to a com port, a
 * second android device with a terminal program such as <a href=
 * "http://www.tec-it.com/en/software/data-acquisition/getblue/android-smartphone/Default.aspx"
 * >GetBlue</a>. It is not a full android bluetooth application but more a proof
 * of concept that the bluetooth works.
 * 
 * <br>
 * <br>
 * 
 * This code should cut and paste into the <a
 * href="http://developer.android.com/resources/tutorials/hello-world.html>
 * 'HelloAndroid' example</a>. It does not use any screen io.
 * 
 * Add to your Android Manifest.xml file: <uses-permission
 * android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH" /> <uses-permission
 * android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN" />
 * 
 * For a proper bluetooth example with threading and receiving data see: <a
 * href=
 * "http://developer.android.com/resources/samples/BluetoothChat/index.html"
 * >http://developer.android.com/resources/samples/BluetoothChat/index.html</a>
 * 
 * @see <a
 *      href="http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/wireless/bluetooth.html">
 *      http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/wireless/bluetooth.html</a>
 * 
 */
public class BlueToothTesterActivity extends Activity {

    /** The BluetoothAdapter is the gateway to all bluetooth functions **/
    protected BluetoothAdapter bluetoothAdapter = null;

    /** We will write our message to the socket **/
    protected BluetoothSocket socket = null;

    /** The Bluetooth is an external device, which will receive our message **/
    BluetoothDevice blueToothDevice = null;

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        // Grab the BlueToothAdapter. The first line of most bluetooth programs.
        bluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();

        // if the BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter(); returns null then the
        // device does not have bluetooth hardware. Currently the emulator
        // does not support bluetooth so this will this condition will be true.
        // i.e. This code only runs on a hardware device an not on the emulator.
        if (bluetoothAdapter == null) {
            Log.e(this.toString(), "Bluetooth Not Available.");
            return;
        }

        // This will find the remote device given the bluetooth hardware
        // address.
        // @todo: Change the address to the your device address
        blueToothDevice = bluetoothAdapter.getRemoteDevice("00:00:00:00:00:00");

        for (Integer port = 1; port <= 3; port++) {
            simpleComm(Integer.valueOf(port));
        }
    }

    protected void simpleComm(Integer port) {
        // byte [] inputBytes = null;

        // The documents tell us to cancel the discovery process.
        bluetoothAdapter.cancelDiscovery();

        Log.d(this.toString(), "Port = " + port);
        try {
            // This is a hack to access "createRfcommSocket which is does not
            // have public access in the current api.
            // Note: BlueToothDevice.createRfcommSocketToServiceRecord (UUID
            // uuid) does not work in this type of application. .
            Method m = blueToothDevice.getClass().getMethod(
                    "createRfcommSocket", new Class[] { int.class });
            socket = (BluetoothSocket) m.invoke(blueToothDevice, port);

            // debug check to ensure socket was set.
            assert (socket != null) : "Socket is Null";

            // attempt to connect to device
            socket.connect();
            try {
                Log.d(this.toString(),
                        "************ CONNECTION SUCCEES! *************");

                // Grab the outputStream. This stream will send bytes to the
                // external/second device. i.e it will sent it out.
                // Note: this is a Java.io.OutputStream which is used in several
                // types of Java programs such as file io, so you may be
                // familiar with it.
                OutputStream outputStream = socket.getOutputStream();

                // Create the String to send to the second device.
                // Most devices require a '\r' or '\n' or both at the end of the
                // string.
                // @todo set your message
                String message = "Data from Android and tester program!\r";

                // Convert the message to bytes and blast it through the
                // bluetooth
                // to the second device. You may want to use:
                // public byte[] getBytes (Charset charset) for proper String to
                // byte conversion.
                outputStream.write(message.getBytes());

            } finally {
                // close the socket and we are done.
                socket.close();
            }
            // IOExcecption is thrown if connect fails.
        } catch (IOException ex) {
            Log.e(this.toString(), "IOException " + ex.getMessage());
            // NoSuchMethodException IllegalAccessException
            // InvocationTargetException
            // are reflection exceptions.
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException ex) {
            Log.e(this.toString(), "NoSuchMethodException " + ex.getMessage());
        } catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
            Log.e(this.toString(), "IllegalAccessException " + ex.getMessage());
        } catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
            Log.e(this.toString(),
                    "InvocationTargetException " + ex.getMessage());
        }
    }

}
vanomart
6#
vanomart Reply to 2015-01-09 12:12:58Z

Code above not worked on Samsung Galaxy tab 2 with 4.0.4. BTSocket.connect always fired bluetooth pairing dialog and then failed, even if correct pin was typed. Changing from "createRfcommSocket" to "createInsecureRfcommSocket" solved the problem. Hope this will help, I struggled with this issue for more than 3 hours.

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