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Spring Boot Configure and Use Two DataSources

juventus
1#
juventus Published in 2015-05-19 23:03:12Z

I am new to Spring and Spring Boot. How would one go about to configure and use two data sources. I am looking for more than what is no this doc page http://docs.spring.io/spring-boot/docs/1.2.3.BUILD-SNAPSHOT/reference/htmlsingle/#howto-configure-a-datasource

For example here is what I have for the first data source.

application.properties

#first db
spring.datasource.url = [url]
spring.datasource.username = [username]
spring.datasource.password = [password]
spring.datasource.driverClassName = oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver

#second db ...

Application class

@SpringBootApplication
public class SampleApplication {
private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SampleApplication.class);


public static void main(String[] args) {
    SpringApplication.run(SampleApplication.class, args);
}

@Autowired
SampleRepository repo;

@PostConstruct
public void testDriving(){
    logger.debug(repo.findSomeSample("id", "other"));
    }
}

How do I modify application.properties to add another data source? How do I autowire it to be used by a different repo?

K. Siva Prasad Reddy
2#
K. Siva Prasad Reddy Reply to 2015-05-20 08:46:06Z

Here you go

#first db
spring.datasource.url = [url]
spring.datasource.username = [username]
spring.datasource.password = [password]
spring.datasource.driverClassName = oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver

#second db ...
spring.secondDatasource.url = [url]
spring.secondDatasource.username = [username]
spring.secondDatasource.password = [password]
spring.secondDatasource.driverClassName = oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver


@Bean
@Primary
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix="spring.datasource")
public DataSource primaryDataSource() {
    return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
}

@Bean
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix="spring.secondDatasource")
public DataSource secondaryDataSource() {
    return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
}
Andrei Epure
3#
Andrei Epure Reply to 2017-08-24 10:49:51Z

Refer the official documentation


Creating more than one data source works the same as creating the first one. You might want to mark one of them as @Primary if you are using the default auto-configuration for JDBC or JPA (then that one will be picked up by any @Autowired injections).

@Bean
@Primary
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix="datasource.primary")
public DataSource primaryDataSource() {
    return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
}

@Bean
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix="datasource.secondary")
public DataSource secondaryDataSource() {
    return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
}
Chandrashekhar Goka
4#
Chandrashekhar Goka Reply to 2017-11-30 22:28:55Z

Here is the Complete solution

#First Datasource (DB1)
db1.datasource.url: url
db1.datasource.username:user
db1.datasource.password:password

#Second Datasource (DB2)
db2.datasource.url:url
db2.datasource.username:user
db2.datasource.password:password

Since we are going to get access two different databases (db1, db2), we need to configure each data source configuration separately like:

public class DB1_DataSource {
@Autowired
private Environment env;
@Bean
@Primary
public LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean db1EntityManager() {
    LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean em = new LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean();
    em.setDataSource(db1Datasource());
    em.setPersistenceUnitName("db1EntityManager");
    HibernateJpaVendorAdapter vendorAdapter = new HibernateJpaVendorAdapter();
    em.setJpaVendorAdapter(vendorAdapter);
    HashMap<string, object=""> properties = new HashMap<>();
    properties.put("hibernate.dialect",
            env.getProperty("hibernate.dialect"));
    properties.put("hibernate.show-sql",
            env.getProperty("jdbc.show-sql"));
    em.setJpaPropertyMap(properties);
    return em;
}

@Primary
@Bean
public DataSource db1Datasource() {

    DriverManagerDataSource dataSource
            = new DriverManagerDataSource();
    dataSource.setDriverClassName(
            env.getProperty("jdbc.driver-class-name"));
    dataSource.setUrl(env.getProperty("db1.datasource.url"));
    dataSource.setUsername(env.getProperty("db1.datasource.username"));
    dataSource.setPassword(env.getProperty("db1.datasource.password"));

    return dataSource;
}

@Primary
@Bean
public PlatformTransactionManager db1TransactionManager() {

    JpaTransactionManager transactionManager
            = new JpaTransactionManager();
    transactionManager.setEntityManagerFactory(
            db1EntityManager().getObject());
    return transactionManager;
}
}

Second Datasource :

public class DB2_DataSource {

@Autowired
private Environment env;

@Bean
public LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean db2EntityManager() {
    LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean em
            = new LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean();
    em.setDataSource(db2Datasource());
    em.setPersistenceUnitName("db2EntityManager");
    HibernateJpaVendorAdapter vendorAdapter
            = new HibernateJpaVendorAdapter();
    em.setJpaVendorAdapter(vendorAdapter);
    HashMap<string, object=""> properties = new HashMap<>();
    properties.put("hibernate.dialect",
            env.getProperty("hibernate.dialect"));
    properties.put("hibernate.show-sql",
            env.getProperty("jdbc.show-sql"));
    em.setJpaPropertyMap(properties);
    return em;
}

@Bean
public DataSource db2Datasource() {
    DriverManagerDataSource dataSource
            = new DriverManagerDataSource();
    dataSource.setDriverClassName(
            env.getProperty("jdbc.driver-class-name"));
    dataSource.setUrl(env.getProperty("db2.datasource.url"));
    dataSource.setUsername(env.getProperty("db2.datasource.username"));
    dataSource.setPassword(env.getProperty("db2.datasource.password"));

    return dataSource;
}

@Bean
public PlatformTransactionManager db2TransactionManager() {
    JpaTransactionManager transactionManager
            = new JpaTransactionManager();
    transactionManager.setEntityManagerFactory(
            db2EntityManager().getObject());
    return transactionManager;
}
}

Here you can find the complete Example : Spring Boot with Multiple DataSource Configuration

Surasin Tancharoen
5#
Surasin Tancharoen Reply to 2018-01-07 19:45:38Z

Update 2018-01-07 with Spring Boot 1.5.8.RELEASE

Most answers do not provide how to use them (as datasource itself and as transaction), only how to config them.

You can see the runnable example and some explanation in https://www.surasint.com/spring-boot-with-multiple-databases-example/

I copied some code here.

First you have to set application.properties like this

#Database
database1.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost/testdb
database1.datasource.username=root
database1.datasource.password=root
database1.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

database2.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost/testdb2
database2.datasource.username=root
database2.datasource.password=root
database2.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

Then define them as providers (@Bean) like this:

@Bean(name = "datasource1")
@ConfigurationProperties("database1.datasource")
@Primary
public DataSource dataSource(){
    return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
}

@Bean(name = "datasource2")
@ConfigurationProperties("database2.datasource")
public DataSource dataSource2(){
    return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
}

Note that I have @Bean(name="datasource1") and @Bean(name="datasource2"), then you can use it when we need datasource as @Qualifier("datasource1") and @Qualifier("datasource2") , for example

@Qualifier("datasource1")
@Autowired
private DataSource dataSource;

If you do care about transaction, you have to define DataSourceTransactionManager for both of them, like this:

@Bean(name="tm1")
@Autowired
@Primary
DataSourceTransactionManager tm1(@Qualifier ("datasource1") DataSource datasource) {
    DataSourceTransactionManager txm  = new DataSourceTransactionManager(datasource);
    return txm;
}

@Bean(name="tm2")
@Autowired
DataSourceTransactionManager tm2(@Qualifier ("datasource2") DataSource datasource) {
    DataSourceTransactionManager txm  = new DataSourceTransactionManager(datasource);
    return txm;
}

Then you can use it like

@Transactional //this will use the first datasource because it is @primary

or

@Transactional("tm2")

This should be enough. See example and detail in the link above.

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