Home sqlite3-ruby install error on Ubuntu
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sqlite3-ruby install error on Ubuntu

Dmitry Published in 2010-08-11 13:11:58Z

I have the following error during sqlite3-ruby install:

Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
ERROR:  Error installing sqlite3-ruby:
    ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

/usr/bin/ruby1.8 extconf.rb
checking for sqlite3.h... no
sqlite3.h is missing. Try 'port install sqlite3 +universal' or 'yum install sqlite3-devel'
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of
necessary libraries and/or headers.  Check the mkmf.log file for more
details.  You may need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:

Gem files will remain installed in /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/sqlite3-ruby-1.3.1 for inspection.
Results logged to /usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/sqlite3-ruby-1.3.1/ext/sqlite3/gem_make.out

sqlite3.h is located in /usr/include/

sudo gem install sqlite3-ruby --without-sqlite3-include=/usr/include

doesn't work

ERROR:  While executing gem ... (OptionParser::InvalidOption)
    invalid option: --without-sqlite3-include=/usr/include

Ubuntu 10.04

Daniel O'Hara
Daniel O'Hara Reply to 2013-08-01 11:11:12Z

You need the SQLite3 development headers for the gem’s native extension to compile against. You can install them by running (possibly with sudo):

apt-get install libsqlite3-dev
Kurt Reply to 2010-08-11 13:17:13Z

You just need a -- in there.

sudo gem install sqlite3-ruby -- --with-sqlite3-include=/usr/include

That specifies that the option is not to gem directly, but the specific gem.

Community Reply to 2017-05-23 12:26:20Z

In my case I have no basic compilers installed, so

sudo apt-get install build-essential

solved my problem, but for most the people I think https://stackoverflow.com/a/3649005/417267 is the solution.

anguu Reply to 2010-10-27 12:53:45Z

If you run in ubuntu,and using RVM for ruby on rails,please add FIRST:

sudo apt-get install libxslt-dev libxml2-dev

OR You can check with these commands:

This command will prepare for you two packages : sqllite3 and libsqlite3-dev

sudo apt-get install sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev

-Now,install sqlite gem

 [sudo] gem install sqlite3-ruby

-using Ubuntu doesn't need sudo.

Goodluck! Note: i'm using Ubuntu 10.10 and it's working.

mhaligowski Reply to 2010-12-13 20:43:19Z

Tried ALL of other solutions, none helped.

It turned out that you also need dev package for ruby itself. For me, it helped

sudo apt-get install ruby-full

It has a lot of nasty dependencies though (like emacs, wtf?), just

sudo apt-get install ruby1.8-dev

should be fine. After it's installed (and you have the sqlite and sqlite-dev packages installed)

sudo gem install sqlite3-ruby

works like a charm.

EnotionZ Reply to 2010-12-31 07:41:56Z

Had this same problem and the following worked for me:

compile sqlite3 as static library, install somewhere in your home directory and then provide that option for the gem install process.

Go to the download page and grab the source. Most recent version at this time is http://www.sqlite.org/sqlite-autoconf-3070400.tar.gz

tar -xf on the file or do whatever you normally do to uncompress; enter directory

./configure --disable-shared --enable-static --prefix=/some/path/in/my/home

compile, install, and when you're installing the gem...

gem install sqlite3-ruby -- --with-sqlite3-dir=/some/path/in/my/home

theGrayFox Reply to 2011-02-05 16:22:02Z

This is the exact same problem I had a few weeks ago. I found out I needed to download the most recent headers/libraries from the SQLite Download Page. Try it out, hope this helps!

Community Reply to 2017-05-23 12:02:53Z

From sqlite3-ruby gem can't find sqlite3.h on ubuntu:

You also need to install gcc itself, so in total it would be:

sudo apt-get install gcc libsqlite3-dev ruby1.8-dev
sudo gem install sqlite3

Apparently you get a wrong error pointing to a missing sqlite3.h when the actual problem is missing gcc itself.

carols10cents Reply to 2011-10-28 21:23:35Z

This is what I did:

wget http://www.sqlite.org/sqlite-amalgamation-3.7.2.tar.gz
tar xzf sqlite-amalgamation-3.7.2.tar.gz
cd sqlite-3.7.2/

make install

gem install rails sqlite3-ruby

from : http://cuasan.wordpress.com/2010/10/13/rails-3-on-debian-with-sqlite-3/

ben author
ben author Reply to 2011-09-18 03:40:33Z

For me the problem was solved by getting mkmf, which is in ruby1.8-dev.

sudo apt-get install ruby1.8-dev

Thanks to mentalized for that one.

Bernard Banta
Bernard Banta Reply to 2012-01-06 22:29:50Z

This was simply enough to make it work

sudo apt-get install libsqlite3-dev

Thanks to marshluca

Community Reply to 2017-05-23 11:54:43Z

Here's a better answer from HEROKU - cannot run git push heroku master

Since you can't use sqlite3 on heroku add this to your Gemfile:

group :production do
  gem 'pg'
group :development, :test do
  gem 'sqlite3'
Community Reply to 2017-05-23 12:34:40Z

I agree with Danya Vershinin & EnotionZ.

If can't use apt-get:

  1. compile & install sqlite3 from sources by specifying your own "prefix" path. More information can be found in the README.
  2. Then passed this path to the sqlite3-ruby installer (don't forget the "--").
stefanB Reply to 2013-07-18 05:12:08Z

The solution is to add -- to separate configure parameters from gem parameters.

instead of

sudo gem install sqlite3-ruby --without-sqlite3-include=/usr/include

try this, all on one line, make sure to include -- after the last gem parameter and before configure parameters:

sudo gem install sqlite3 --

This should get you around this error:

ERROR:  While executing gem ... (OptionParser::InvalidOption)
    invalid option: --without-sqlite3-include=/usr/include
Jack Demin
Jack Demin Reply to 2014-09-17 11:34:31Z

You have broken version of RVM. Ubuntu does something to RVM that produces lots of errors, the only safe way of fixing for now is to: sudo apt-get --purge remove ruby-rvm sudo rm -rf /usr/share/ruby … , if it does not help then restart your computer. install RVM: \curl -L https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --ruby --autolibs=enable --auto-dotfiles If you find you need some hand-holding, take a look at Installing Ruby on Ubuntu 12.04, which gives a bit more explanat

Aakash Parashar
Aakash Parashar Reply to 2016-11-10 07:32:13Z

Forget everything and do this,


yum install ruby-devel sqlite sqlite-devel ruby-rdoc
yum install make gcc
gem install sqlite3-ruby
bundle install

That's for rhel, run same for ubuntu.

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