Home How to fix java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError: Unsupported major.minor version
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How to fix java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError: Unsupported major.minor version

ERJAN
1#
ERJAN Published in 2012-04-30 11:28:24Z

I am trying to use Notepad++ as my all-in-one tool edit, run, compile, etc.

I have JRE installed, and I have setup my path variable to the .../bin directory.

When I run my "Hello world" in Notepad++, I get this message:

java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError: test_hello_world :
 Unsupported major.minor version 51.0
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClassCond(Unknown Source)
       .........................................

I think the problem here is about versions; some version of Java may be old or too new.

  1. How do I fix it?
  2. Should I install the JDK, and setup my path variable to the JDK instead of JRE?
  3. What is the difference between the PATH variable in JRE or JDK?
Victor Stafusa
2#
Victor Stafusa Reply to 2016-10-11 18:48:22Z

The version number shown describes the version of the JRE the class file is compatible with.

The reported major numbers are:

Java SE 9 = 53,
Java SE 8 = 52,
Java SE 7 = 51,
Java SE 6.0 = 50,
Java SE 5.0 = 49,
JDK 1.4 = 48,
JDK 1.3 = 47,
JDK 1.2 = 46,
JDK 1.1 = 45

(Source: Wikipedia)

To fix the actual problem you should try to either run the Java code with a newer version of Java JRE or specify the target parameter to the Java compiler to instruct the compiler to create code compatible with earlier Java versions.

For example, in order to generate class files compatible with Java 1.4, use the following command line:

javac -target 1.4 HelloWorld.java

With newer versions of the Java compiler you are likely to get a warning about the bootstrap class path not being set. More information about this error is available in blog post New javac warning for setting an older source without bootclasspath.

Vivek Kumar Ray
3#
Vivek Kumar Ray Reply to 2012-06-28 06:48:56Z

java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError happens because of a higher JDK during compile time and lower JDK during runtime.

Peter Mortensen
4#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-23 18:34:23Z

In Eclipse, I just went to menu command Window -> Preferences -> Java -> Compiler and then set "Compiler compliance level" to 1.6.

Peter Mortensen
5#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:22:50Z

Don't worry, I got it solved.

It is actually simple - you need to install BOTH JRE / JDK with the same version.

JRE 6 -> JDK 6

JRE 7 -> JDK 7

And so on.

Brad Parks
6#
Brad Parks Reply to 2014-11-27 01:31:56Z

This error means you're trying to load a Java "class" file that was compiled with a newer version of Java than you have installed.

For example, your .class file could have been compiled for JDK 7, and you're trying to run it with JDK 6.

So the solution is to either:

  • Upgrade your Java runtime or
  • Recompile the class if you have the source, using your local Java compiler (if you have one).

    javac FileName.java

For developers, this can happen if another developer checks in a .class file, and they've got a newer version of java than you have!

Peter Mortensen
7#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:28:01Z

You are trying to run your program with a Java version that does not support the version in which the code was compiled. So basically you must have compiled your code with a higher version and trying to run it using a lower version.

As you are getting

Unsupported major.minor version 51.0

and version 51.0 corresponds to J2SE 7 you have most probably compiled your code in Java 7 and trying to run it using a lower version. Check what java -version displays. It should be the Java 7 version. If not make appropriate changes in the PATH/JAVA_HOME. Or you can compile with the same version you are trying to run the code. If the configurations are confusing you can always give absolute path /home/user/jdk1.7.0_11/bin/javac and /home/user/jdk1.7.0_11/bin/java.

kenorb
8#
kenorb Reply to 2015-04-04 12:15:57Z

I had a similar situation on Mac, and the following process worked for me:

In the terminal, type

vi ~/.profile

Then add this line in the file, and save

export JAVA_HOME=/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk<version>.jdk/Contents/Home

where version is the one on your computer, such as 1.7.0_25.

Exit the editor, then type the following command make it become effective

source ~/.profile 

Then type java -version to check the result

java -version 

What is .profile file?

.profile file is a hidden file. It is an optional file which tells the system which commands to run when the user whose profile file it is logs in. For example, if my username is bruno and there is a .profile file in /Users/bruno/, all of its contents will be executed during the log-in procedure.

Source: http://computers.tutsplus.com/tutorials/speed-up-your-terminal-workflow-with-command-aliases-and-profile--mac-30515

Andreas L.
9#
Andreas L. Reply to 2015-06-19 11:01:20Z

In Eclipse's menu Window -> Preferences -> Java -> Compiler check also "Configure Project Specific Settings".

If you stil have the error with same Java version: try to delete build folder of your project manually. Then restart Eclipse.

kenorb
10#
kenorb Reply to 2017-09-20 14:34:24Z

The most common issue is misconfiguration of your JAVA_HOME variable which should point to the right Java Development Kit library, if you've multiple installed.

To find where SDK Java folder is located, run the following commands:

jrunscript -e 'java.lang.System.out.println(java.lang.System.getProperty("java.home"));'

Debian/Ubuntu

To check which java (openjdk) you've installed, check via:

dpkg -l "openjdk*" | grep ^i

or:

update-java-alternatives -l

To change it, use:

update-alternatives --config java

Prefix with sudo if required.

to select the alternative java version.

Or check which are available for install:

apt-cache search ^openjdk

Prefix with sudo if required.

Then you can install, for example:

apt-get install openjdk-7-jre

Prefix with sudo if required.

Fedora, Oracle Linux, Red Hat

Install/upgrade appropriate package via:

yum install java-1.7.0-openjdk java-1.7.0-openjdk-devel

The java-1.7.0-openjdk package contains just the Java Runtime Environment. If you want to develop Java programs then install the java-1.7.0-openjdk-devel package.

BSD

There is an OpenJDK 7 package in the FreeBSD Ports collection called openjdk7 which probably needs to be reconfigured.

See: OpenJDK wiki page.

Windows

Just install appropriate Java SE Development Kit library from the Oracle site or install

Jenkins

If you're experiencing this issue with Jenkins, see:

  • JENKINS-30561 - Unable to launch agent using SSH

However selecting the right version of Java (newer) with update-alternatives should work.

Rio
11#
Rio Reply to 2013-06-25 12:51:24Z

You can have some JAR library compiled in Java 7, and you have only Java 6 as Java Runtime. It could happen with some new libraries.

Peter Mortensen
12#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-11-07 14:28:54Z

I got the same problem with a project written in 1.7 and tried to execute in 1.6.

My solution in Eclipse:

  • Right click on your Project Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries

  • Select your JRE System Library and click Edit on the right, and choose the target JRE.

  • Now go to Java Compiler on the left, and change the Compiler compliance level to your target.

That worked for me.

Peter Mortensen
13#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:29:44Z

When I installed JDK 1.7, the problem got solved.

Peter Mortensen
14#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:29:21Z

I have faced the same problem when I was working with an Ant script to build my application.

I use Eclipse for my application development, and I changed the compiler version in build properties of the project. But that didn't work for me. Then I found out that I can provide the compiler version in the Ant script.

I modified the Ant script at the section where it compile Java files.

<target name="build-java" depends="prepare-build">
    <echo message="Compiling java files"/>
    <javac ....
           target="1.5"...
    </javac>
</target>

This worked for me to resolve the unsupported major minor issue.

CollinD
15#
CollinD Reply to 2016-03-22 21:13:06Z

As answered elsewhere by several people, the Java program is being run on an older version of Java than the one it was compiled it for. It needs to be "crosscompiled" for backward compatibility. To put it another way, there is a mismatch between source and target Java versions.

Changing options in Eclipse menus don't answer the original poster, who said he/she is not using Eclipse. On OpenJDK javac version 1.7, you can crosscompile for 1.6 if you use parameters -source and -target, plus provide the rt.jar -file of the target version (that is, the older one) at compile time. If you actually install the 1.6 JRE, you can point to its installation (for example, /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk-i386/jre/lib/rt.jar on Ubuntu, /usr/jdk/jdk1.6.0_60/jre/lib/rt.jar on SunOS apparently. Sorry, I don't know where it is on a Windows system). Like so:

javac -source 1.6 -target 1.6 -bootclasspath /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk-i386/jre/lib/rt.jar HelloWorld.java

It looks like you can just download rt.jar from the Internet, and point to it. This is not too elegant though:

javac -source 1.6 -target 1.6 -bootclasspath ./rt.jar HelloWorld.java
Peter Mortensen
16#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:52:33Z

Based on this...

J2SE 8 = 52
J2SE 7 = 51
J2SE 6.0 = 50
J2SE 5.0 = 49
JDK 1.4 = 48
JDK 1.3 = 47
JDK 1.2 = 46
JDK 1.1 = 45

In Eclipse, right click on project in package explorer:

Build Path -> Configure Build Path

Under:

Java Build Path -> Libraries -> Add Library -> JRE System Library -> Installed JREs -> Search.

Add the required JRE by selecting the library in the list available after the search is complete.

Peter Mortensen
17#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2017-05-25 21:02:36Z
  • If you use Maven, set your Java compile level. Open a command line and write java -version for your compile level:

  • If you use IntelliJ IDEA, select project → FileSettingsBuild Execution DeploymentCompilerJava Compiler. Then change byte code as 1.7 like this image:

Vihung
18#
Vihung Reply to 2016-11-18 12:19:14Z

How do I fix it?

This error means that the JRE that is being used to execute your class code does not recognise the version of Java used. Usually because the version of Java that generated your class file (i.e. compiled it) is newer.

To fix it, you can either

a) Compile your Java sources with the same, or older, version of the Java compiler as will be used to run it. i.e. install the appropriate JDK.

b) Compile your Java sources with the newer version of the Java compiler but in compatibility mode. i.e. use the -target parameter.

c) Run your compiled classes in a JRE that is the same, or newer, version as the JDK used to compile the classes.

You can check the versions you are currently using with javac -version for the compiler, and java -version for the runtime.

Should I install the JDK, and setup my PATH variable to the JDK instead of JRE?

For compilation, certainly, install and configure the specific JDK that you want.

For runtime, you can use the one that comes with the JDK or a standalone JRE, but regardless, make sure that you have installed the right versions and that you have configured your PATH such that there are no surprises.

What is the difference between the PATH variable in JRE or JDK?

The PATH environment variable tells the command shell where to look for the command you type. When you type java, the command shell interpreter will look through all the locations specified in the PATH variable, from left to right, to find the appropriate java runtime executable to run. If you have multiple versions of Java installed - i.e. you have the java executable in multiple locations specified in the PATH variable, then the first one encountered when going from left to right will be the one that is executed.

The compiler command is javac and only comes with the JDK. The runtime command is java and comes with the JDK and is in the JRE.

It is likely that you have one version (51.0 = Java 7) of javac installed, and you also have the same version of java installed, but that another previous version of java is appearing earlier in the PATH and so is being invoked instead of the one you expect.

Peter Mortensen
19#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:43:38Z

I had the same error message when running Ant from Eclipse, but the other solutions mentioned here didn't solve my problem. The funny thing was that running Ant from the Windows command line was running fine, so it had to be a configuration issue within Eclipse.

It turned out that under Eclipse you can specify the environment that Ant should be running with and this was set as a JRE instead of a JDK.

  • Go to: Run -> External Tools -> External Tools Configurations ...
  • Select the Ant build.xml for your project (if you have multiple projects)
  • Activate the Tab 'JRE'
  • Here was selected 'Separate JRE: jre6'. When I changed this to a JDK from the 1.6 or 1.7 series, the error was gone.
Peter Mortensen
20#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-11-07 14:25:34Z

You have used a higher version of the JDK to compile and trying to run from a lower version of JDK/JRE.

To check this, see the version information:

javac -version

java -version

They will be different and javac will have a higher version number.

To get around this, run using java from the JDK version or if you have a newer JRE/JDK that will work as well.

which javac will tell you the location, for example, /usr/bin/javac. Just run directly using /usr/bin/java <program>.

OR you can set the environment variable as a permanent solution.

Thamme Gowda
21#
Thamme Gowda Reply to 2015-03-02 08:01:39Z

If somebody is facing the same issue while using Maven, you can cross compile using the plug-in Maven Compiler.

 <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.6</source>
                    <target>1.6</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
       .....
Peter Mortensen
22#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2017-05-25 21:05:03Z

Your Java file is compiled with a different version (higher compiler version) than the version (lower runtime version) you are trying to run it with.

It is basic understanding that classes compiled with lower versions are expected to run in the later higher versions. But the opposite (compiled with higher compiler version and trying to run it with lower runtime version) is quite not possible sometimes.

Hence you are shown this error, when trying to execute your program. Unsupported major.minor version x.x

Q: I have created an application in Java 7, but when my users try to run it they get an Unsupported major.minor version 51.0 error. What does this mean and what can I do about it?

A: If you compile an application using javac in Java 7, the resulting classfiles will have the 51.0 version number. Versions of Java prior to 7 do not recognize this number, so your users will have to upgrade to Java 7 prior to running your application. If you are not using any Java 7 APIs you can try to compile your application using javac -target 1.6 to create a 1.6-compatible classfile. If your application is deployed using webstart you can specify the minimum version required. For more information, see the docs on Java Web Start and JNLP here. This issue will go away once we trigger autoupdate to Java 7 for end-users currently having Java 6 on their desktops. The timeline for this is not yet determined, we want to give developers time to work out any issues between their code and JDK 7 first.

(Source: oracle.com.)

user3534268
23#
user3534268 Reply to 2014-04-15 03:09:37Z

Had this problem when I reverted to Java 6 and tried to run classes previously compiled with Java 7. What worked for me was Preferences > java > compiler --> set compliance level to 1.6 and crucially "configure project settings"..

Peter Mortensen
24#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:51:17Z

Today, this error message appeared in our Tomcat 7 on Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS (Precise Pangolin):

/var/log/tomcat7/localhost.2014-04-08.log:
Apr 8, 2014 9:00:55 AM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart
SEVERE: Exception starting filter struts2
java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError: controller/ReqAccept : Unsupported major.minor version 51.0 (unable to load class controller.ReqAccept)

The Struts application is compiled with Java 7.

It turned out, someone uses "service tomcat [stop/start]" to restart Tomcat 7,

$ ps -ef | grep java
tomcat7 31783 1 32 20:13 ? 00:00:03 /usr/lib/jvm/default-java/bin/java...
$ /usr/lib/jvm/default-java/bin/java -version
java version "1.6.0_27"

Which causes the "Unsupported major.minor version 51.0" error.

When we used "/etc/init.d/tomcat7 [stop/start]" to restart Tomcat 7, the problem was solved.

$ ps -ef | grep java
tomcat7 31886 1 80 20:24 ? 00:00:10 /usr/local/java/jdk1.7.0_15/bin/java
$ /usr/local/java/jdk1.7.0_15/bin/java -version
java version "1.7.0_15"

Peter Mortensen
25#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-11-07 14:30:01Z

I solved it. I ran:

JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-i386

The error is misleading, Unsupported major.minor version 51.0. This gives the impression that version 51 (Java 7) is not supported. And we should use Java 6.

The error should have been:

The current Java version, 50, is unsupported. Use Java version 7 (51:0 and greater) instead.`

TomTom
26#
TomTom Reply to 2015-04-09 09:10:19Z

Oh Mac OS X I was able to solve this problem by setting the JAVA_HOME variable:

export JAVA_HOME=/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.7.0_75.jdk/Contents/Home
Matthew Wise
27#
Matthew Wise Reply to 2014-06-18 16:29:16Z

I had the problem whereby I was having to run a Maven compilation on my project from the command line in order to run my unit tests; if I made a change to the test class and let Eclipse automatically recompile it, then I got the "Unsupported major.minor version 51.0" error.

I do have both JDK6 and JDK7 installed, but all my JRE settings were pointing at 1.6, both in the pom and from the project properties page in Eclipse. No amount of Maven Update Project and/or refreshing solved this.

Finally I tried closing the project and re-opening it, and this seemed to fix it! HTH

Sagar Varpe
28#
Sagar Varpe Reply to 2014-06-26 07:40:13Z

You have compiled your Java class with JDK 7 and you are trying to run same class on JDK 6 .

Peter Mortensen
29#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-07-12 20:46:25Z

First let's get some basics right...

JRE is a component in NetBeans/Eclipse/standalone that is going to provide you with libraries, JVM, Java plugins & Java web start. Note that it does not provide compliers or debuggers.

JDK is the superset of JRE along with compliers and debuggers.

So when you have your default library as a JRE instead of JDK, you are going to have a nice time importing stuff, but it won't compile.

Instead, set your path to JDK (I use NetBeans, and I set them using netbeans.conf in netbeans/etc/netbeans.conf and change the path).

Peter Mortensen
30#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2014-11-07 14:31:38Z
  • Install JDK 7.0.55 and set the Java for Eclipse for JDK 7.0.55.
  • Build the project with JDK 7.0.55 by configuring on build path JDK 7.0.55.
  • Set the compiler in Eclipse for JDK 7.0.55 by menu Windows -> Preferences -> Java -> Compiler - choose 1.7.
Peter Mortensen
31#
Peter Mortensen Reply to 2017-05-25 20:59:48Z

Yet another way to fix this on Mac OS X with Homebrew installed, is this:

brew install Caskroom/cask/java
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