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Hibernate : Why FetchType.LAZY-annotated collection property eagerly loading?

user2752
1#
user2752 Published in June 24, 2018, 11:48 pm

I tried to implement simple one-to-many association. after inspecting the item object with debugging mode, I found that List<Bid> bids already loaded. But List<Bid> bids property is annotated with FetchType.LAZY. some books and web pages claim that FetchType.LAZY is a hint JPA providers accept or reject. But I wonder on what condition JPA providers ignore FetchType.LAZY. Thank you in advance.

@Entity
@Table(name = "ITEM")
public class Item implements Serializable {

    @Id
    private Long id = null;

    private String name;
    @ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.EAGER)
    @JoinColumn(name = "SELLER_ID", nullable = false)
    private User seller;

    @OneToMany(mappedBy = "item", fetch = FetchType.LAZY)
    private List<Bid> bids;

    /**
     * No-arg constructor for JavaBean tools.
     */
    public Item() {}

    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public User getSeller() {
        return seller;
    }

    public void setSeller(User seller) {
        this.seller = seller;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Item{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", seller=" + seller +
                ", bids=" + bids +
                '}';
    }
}
@Entity
@Table(name = "BID")
public class Bid implements Serializable {

    @Id @GeneratedValue
    @Column(name = "BID_ID")
    private Long id = null;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "ITEM_ID", nullable = false, updatable = false, insertable = false)
    private Item item;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "BIDDER_ID", nullable = false, updatable = false)
    private User bidder;

    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public Item getItem() {
        return item;
    }

    public void setItem(Item item) {
        this.item = item;
    }

    public User getBidder() {
        return bidder;
    }

    public void setBidder(User bidder) {
        this.bidder = bidder;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Bid{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", bidder=" + bidder +
                '}';
    }
}
private static void itemSeller(EntityManager em) {

        Item item = em.find(Item.class, 1L);
        System.out.println("hello");

    }

EDIT : I put break point at the statement System.out.println("hello"). I inspected the item object. see the picture :

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