Home CarrierWave: Create the same, unique filename for all versioned files
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CarrierWave: Create the same, unique filename for all versioned files

user9636 Published in September 19, 2018, 3:55 am

Before I go into detail I'll get right to the point: has anyone figured out a way to get Carrierwave to save files with their names as a timestamp or any arbitrary string that is unique to each file?

By default Carrierwave saves each file and its alternate versions in its own directory (named after the model ID number). I'm not a fan of this because instead of one directory with 1,000, for the sake of using a large round number, files (in my case pictures) in it we get one directory with 1,000 subdirectories each with one or two files. Yuck.

Now, when you override your Uploader's store_dir method to be something like the following:

def store_dir

you end up with the exact behavior that I want. All the files (pictures) go into one big happy folder. No more subfolders that stick around when the object gets deleted.

There's only one problem. File collisions. If you upload delicious_cake.jpg twice the second one will overwrite the first even if they are two different pictures of delicious cake! That's clearly why the store_dir method has the extra /#{model.id} tacked on the end of the value it returns.

So, what to do? After reading around a bit I discovered that in the generated uploader file there is an apparent solution commented out.

# Override the filename of the uploaded files:
# Avoid using model.id or version_name here, see uploader/store.rb for details.
# def filename
#   "something.jpg" if original_filename
# end

After a little bit of searching I found someone who had done the following

def filename
  @name ||= "#{secure_token}.#{file.extension}" if original_filename

This got me thinking, why not just do this

def filename
  @name ||= "#{(Time.now.to_i.to_s + Time.now.usec.to_s).ljust(16, '0')}#{File.extname(original_filename)}"

That's when things got horribly broken. The problem with this is that filename apparently gets called for each version of the file so we end up with file names like 1312335603175322.jpg and thumb_1312335603195323.jpg. Notice the slight difference? Each file name is based on the time when filename was called for that particular version. That won't do at all.

I next tired using model.created_at for the basis of the timestamp. Only one problem, that returns nil for the first version since it hasn't been put in the database yet.

After some further thinking I decided to try the following in my pictures controller.

def create
  if params[:picture] and params[:picture][:image]
    params[:picture][:image].original_filename = "#{(Time.now.to_i.to_s + Time.now.usec.to_s).ljust(16, '0')}#{File.extname(params[:picture][:image].original_filename)}"

This overrides the original_filename property before Carrierwave even gets to it making it be a timestamp. It does exactly what I want. The original version of the file ends up with a name like 1312332906940106.jpg and the thumbnail version (or any other version) ends up with a name like thumb_1312332906940106.jpg.

But, this seems like an awful hack. This should be part of the model, or better yet part of the uploader mounted onto the model.

So, my question is, is there a better way to achieve this? Did I miss something crucial with Carrierwave that makes this easy? Is there a not so obvious but cleaner way of going about this? Working code is good, but working code that doesn't smell bad is better.

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    Glad to see someone else approves of putting all images in one big happy folder. I turned away from Paperclip because of its subdirectory nonsense. A unique filename is all you need. A computer doesn't need directories to be organised, they're very good at finding things. – Starkers Apr 1 '14 at 1:11

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